What does the acronym ICE mean?

MEKAn internal combustion engine or the internal combustion engine is called the driving heat engine in which the fuel combustion is within the body of the machine itself, hence the name, as opposed to the engine (where combustion takes place in addition to the boiler) .

These machines have widely established n referred to majuscule acronym ICE

As ICE are generally considered the gas engine, the petrol engines, the diesel engines and gas turbines. Generally the ICE, "average worker" or "working substance" are air, (while the locomotives are steam).

The history of the invention and construction of ICE is intertwined with the history and evolution of motor vehicles, which was the main cause of theircreation. Some of them have not received the names of their creators, eg of Law. Otto, K.. Benz, Ch. Ford, P. Diesel etc.

According to a general definition, the internal combustion engine is a heat engine which burns a fuel in the presence of air into a chamber (combustionchamber) by the exothermic reaction of the fuel with the oxidizer (thermal combustion free flame gaseous) is oxygen in the air, generating hot gases. In theinternal combustion engine Venting gas produced exerts a force on the moving part of the engine as the pistons or blades.

The internal combustion engine (or ICE) varies with the external combustion engine, such as steam or engine Stirling, in which energy is transferred from a liquid which is heated in a boiler (located outside the engine) from fossil fuels or wood burning , nuclear energy, solar etc.

A large number of different designs for ICE have been developed and manufactured, with a variety of different strengths and weaknesses. Although there were and stationary applications are still many, great use of internal combustion engines are applications and dominate in vehicles, aircraft and vessels, from the smallest to the largest.

Basic distinction of thermal engines is on the way of conversion of thermal energy into mechanical work, where from it and divided into piston or reciprocating and rotary or turbines. Specifically, the piston reciprocating ICE depending on how it is ignited in the cylinder, i.e. either by spark or heat of the fuel (self-ignition) respectively divided into Otto engines, and diesel engines.

A special category is not the Wankel engine (Wankel). Sub-division of Otto engine are the gasoline engines and gas engine.
And the rotary ICE or turbines are commonly called turbines.


Irrespective of the above with a plurality of other parameters MFN divided into many sub-types, e.g.

  1. Depending of the piston assembly in a) vertical, (in series) b) horizontal, (in series) c) Formula boxer, d) formula V, e) type W, f) opposing pistons, z) asteroids odd, h)double asteroids and i) square layout.
  2. Where the number of pistons or cylinders in which reciprocating in: twin cylinder, four-cylinder, etc.
  3. Depending of the heat cycle, (this is the main distinction mentioned above), to: Otto engines, diesel engines and combined cycle engines. Previously, until 1960, the first two, respectively called explosion combustion engines and machines, but do not fully correspond to the reality nevertheless continues n likewise mentioned in textbooks.
  4. Depending operating times, to: stroke, four-stroke, continuous operation (gas turbines).
  5. Depending on the direction of rotation, to: a) clockwise, b) clockwise c) reversible and d) non-reversible
  6. Depending filler how gaseous fuel: a) natural inhalation and b) Charge.
  7. Depending of the power to: a) single or double acting and b) in small, medium and high power.
  8. Depending speed turns, to: a) vradystrofes, b) average speed, c) tachystrofes or multiturn d) ypertachystrofes.
  9. Depending of the type of fuel: a) fuel engines, b) diesel fuel or diesel engines c) gasoline or petrol engines, d) of natural gas and e) gross fuel engines.
  10. Depending ways of improving combustion in a) with or without turbulence and b) large or small excess air.
  11. Depending cooling mode at: a) air-cooled and b) water-cooled.
  12. According to the fuel injection mode, to: a) by blowing air, b) mechanical injection and c) evaporation.
  13. Depending upon their location, to: a) permanent and b) securities.
  14. Depending upon the nature of use: a) primary and b) auxiliaries.
  15. Depending usage area, to: a) land b) sea and c) air.
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